July was 1.6 deg F above normal for temperature. The high for the month was 93.8 deg. F recorded on July 21. The low for the month was 51.7 deg F, recorded on July 1. There were 3 days at or above 90 deg F. There were 25 heating degree days and 280 cooling degree days.
July was a below normal month for precipitation with 1.85 inches of rainfall recorded, which was 1.61 inches below normal. The maximum rainfall in a single day was 0.40 inches recorded on July 22. There were 11 days of rain >.01 in, 5 >.10 in and 0 >1 in.
High wind speed of 31 mph on July 31.
July 2019 Data
Outlook for August 2019
Today, I made my first contact using the THOR digital mode, using fldigi, as shown here.
THOR is one of the digital modes used by amateur radio operators. The THOR mode is a family of offset incremental multi-frequency shift keyed modes with a low symbol rate.
The other station, Steve, KK4NNH, had a brief discussion about FT8, another popular digital mode, and format.
June was 1.2 deg F below normal for temperature. The high for the month was 90.2 deg. F recorded on June 27. The low for the month was 38.0 deg F, recorded on June 4. There were 84 heating degree days and 144 cooling degree days.
June was an above normal month for precipitation with 4.18 inches of rainfall recorded, which was 0.32 inches above normal. The maximum rainfall in a single day was 0.89 inches recorded on June 13. There were 13 days of rain >.01 in, 7 >.10 in and 0 >1 in.
High wind speed of 30 mph on June 29.
June 2019 Data
Outlook for July 2019
An undated photo of my mom and her siblings, looking down into a hatch of their Erie Canal barge, in the late 1930s. My mom is in the upper left. Next to her is my uncle Fred, then my uncle Harry, my aunt Vivian and my uncle Morey. In the upper right is my uncle Norman. My uncle Norman went on to become chief engineer for a tugboat company in the New York area. My uncle Morey became a sea-tug captain. My uncle Fred joined The US Navy and later became a tugboat captain as well. Only my mom and my uncle Fred survive today.
My Uncle Morey and Uncle Norman were quite the pranksters back in the day. There are many low bridges crossing The Erie Canal along its length, with enough clearance for the barges. During Halloween, young ruffians would egg barges from the bridges, much to the annoyance of my uncles who had to clean up the mess. There was a water pump on the barge, connected to a hose, that my uncles used to wash the deck. They got their revenge though. My Uncle Norman would hide below the forward hatch, hose at the ready. As the barge passed below the bridge it would get egged. At a signal from my Morey, Norman would pop the hatch, yell “surprise!” and hose down the perpetrators from the opposite side of the bridge.
When the hold was empty, my grandfather would rig a wooden swing attached to a cross beam between the hatches. It was an unusual sight to see one of the children pop up on the swing from one hatch and then appear again, on the swing, from the other hatch.
Seventy-five years ago, my Uncle Morey was part of the buildup leading to D-Day in 1944. He was a pilot on The Erie Canal, guiding landing craft manufactured in Detriot, MI, that would carry troops to the beaches of Normandy, from Buffalo to New York City. As soon as he arrived in New York City, he would board a train back to Buffalo to guide another group of landing craft through the canal. At the time, my grandparents, and my other aunts and uncles lived in Brooklyn, NY. After one trip down to New York City, he sort of went AWOL to visit the family. He didn’t get very far before FBI agents challenged him and put him on the next train to Buffalo.
Meteorological Spring is officially over. Here is a brief summary of Mar 1-May 31 in Stormstown, PA:
Number of days Max T <=32 F: 4
Number of Days Min T <= 32 F: 29
Number of Days Min T <= 0 F: 0
Max T: 83.6 – May 19, 2019
Min T: 7.1 – March 8, 2019
Mar Dep from Normal: -0.8
Apr Dep from Normal: 1.9
May Dep from Normal: 2.6
Heating Degree Days: 1476
Cooling Degree Days: 83
Mar Precip: 1.75″, 1.80″ below normal
Apr Precip: 4.24″, 0.85″ above normal
May Precip: 7.15″, 3.92″ above normal
The outlook for Summer 2019:
May was 2.6 deg F above normal for temperature. The high for the month was 83.6 deg. F recorded on May 19. The low for the month was 39.6 deg F, recorded on May 22. There were 173 heating degree days and 72 cooling degree days.
May was an above normal month for precipitation with 7.15 inches of rainfall recorded, which was 3.92 inches above normal. The maximum rainfall in a single day was 1.50 inches recorded on May 29. There were 18 days of rain >.01 in, 12 >.10 in and 3 >1 in.
High wind speed of 34 mph on May 19.
May 2019 Data
Outlook for June 2019
April was 1.9 deg F above normal for temperature. The high for the month was 73.5 deg. F recorded on April 23. The low for the month was 22.2 deg F, recorded on April 2. There were 415 heating degree days and 10 cooling degree days.
April was an above normal month for precipitation with 4.24 inches of rainfall recorded, which was 0.85 inches above normal. The maximum rainfall in a single day was 1.45 inches recorded on April 19. There were 13 days of rain >.01 in, 9 >.10 in and 1 >1 in.
High wind speed of 45 mph on April 3.
April 2019 Data
Outlook for May 2019
Yesterday, on April 19, 2019, 1.45 inches was the maximum rainfall for a single day in 2019, in Stormstown, PA. April is now already 0.23 inches above normal for the month at 3.62 inches. However, 2019 is now 2.87 inches below normal for the year at 9.45 inches.
March was 0.8 deg F below normal for temperature. The high for the month was 70.4 deg. F recorded on March 30. The low for the month was 7.1 deg F, recorded on March 8. There were 888 heating degree days and 1 cooling degree day.
March was a below normal month for precipitation with 1.75 inches of rainfall recorded, which was 1.80 inches below normal. The maximum rainfall in a single day was 0.67 inches recorded on March 21. There were 10 days of rain >.01 in, 3 >.10 in and 0 >1 in.
High wind speed of 31 mph on March 15.
March 2019 Data
In a discussion of climate, one will encounter what Chris Martz has called “climate bullying.” The use of ad hominem attacks in a debate is a sure sign that the user is losing. See Chris’ blog article for more.
via Climate Bullying